Nutritional needs and nutritional significance of nutrient

For regular functioning of an organism it is necessary to take in appropriate quantities of nutrients. Besides water, most of food comprises nutrients carrying energy, so-called. macronutrients. Minerals and vitamins comprise micronutrients since they are needed in significantly lower quantities and they are found in almost every food people use.

Importance of physical activity

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Regular physical activity is of great importance from the physical, physiological and social aspects, but also because of the impact it has on keeping  the body weight stable, reduction of blood pressure, increase of HDL good cholesterol and reducing the risk of diabetes and some categories of cancer. Nowadays, it is believed that if engagement in sports starts at early age, it will be very beneficial for developing the working habits, adoption of discipline, preventing the obesity and bad posture (curved spine, flat feet) Many epidemiological studies and researches proved that physical inactivity is one of factors that cause appearance and development of incommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and some malign illnesses. According to the World Health Organization,(WHO), these diseases are the leading factors that cause mortality in the world. Of all deaths both in Serbia and in the countries of European region in 2007, 85% were caused due to these chronic incommunicable diseases.In spite of this knowledge, at least one third of Western Europe adult population is not sufficiently physically active. Similar statistic applies for Serbia. A Health research of the Serbian population conducted in 2006. showed that two-thirds of the population of Serbia (67.7%) spent their free time in a sedentary way. Percentage of employees with sedentary type of job was significantly higher than in 2000. The fact that more and more young people spend their time watching television or playing games is alarming. This research confirms that the percentage of children who spend their time in this way is higher in 2006 than it was in 2000 (from 58.8% to 73.3%).Physical activity is one of the easiest ways to improve health. It contributes to calories burning and consumption of the energy we get by food intake, and thus affects the maintenance of desired body weight, and then reduces levels of sugar and cholesterol in blood. Regular activity leads to decreased level of blood pressure and reduced risk of heart disease by 50%. Physically active people are in better mood, and are more satisfied with themselves.When it comes to physical activity, most people think of hard training. However, it is enough to walk, as the simplest form of physical activity, which can fit into everyday responsibilities. E.g. we can walk to the store or go to work instead of driving or we can walk between two bus stations. If the position involves a lot of sitting, we should make sure that whenever we have a chance, we walk for a couple of minutes. The WHO recommendation for adults is 30 minutes of moderate physical activity every day. The recommended time can be divided into shorter periods, but no less than 10 minutes. Children should be active at least 60 minutes every day. Exercise speeds up breathing, increases the amount of oxygen one breathe in, speeds up the heart, stimulates the circulation and enhances the work of brain fitness and stamina. Regular physical activity is the best guardian of health.

Child nutrition

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Development of proper eating habits begins at early age. It is very important for us to have diversity is of viands, their adequate preparation and our meals to be regular. This is how we can prevent the chronic incommunicable diseases from appearing later in our lifes. It is very important in the beginning what is offered to children. It is necessary to limit the amount of food to the appetite of the child and not to duplicate meals. As the child grows society will influence more and more their eating habits. That is why the nutrition in preschool and school facilities is important for maintaining the eating habits. In schools, meals should be an adequate substitute for a good part of the diet that child eats out at home. Irregularities in the diet of children which are result of inadequate family nutrition should be corrected and children should be helped to develop regular eating habits. Such meals should not be expensive, but nutrient enriched, tasty and suitable for children. In time, the biggest influence on the children nutrition will have their peers. A small number of children take the sandwich or fruit from home. If the food known as fast food is often consumed, insufficient intake of milk, fruits, vegetables and adequate nutrients can be expected. This diet leads to obesity and it significantly increases the risk of chronic incommunicable diseases. According to research on health condition of Serbia population from 2006, there has been an increase in the number of pre-obese and obese children compared to the year 2000. In 2006 there were 18% of moderately obese and obese children and the youth between age of 7 and 19, which is increase compared to 2000 when this figure was 12, 6%. How does the child nutrition should look like? Children should be offered with a rich source of different viands, based on cereals, fruits and vegetables with adequate intake of milk and dairy products, protein-rich variants such as lent meats, fish, and eggs. Moderate intake of fat and sugar is an important factor for prevention of chronic incommunicable diseases in later age.

Nutritive facts & Recommended Daily Intake

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For regular functioning of an organism it is necessary to take in appropriate quantities of nutrients. Besides water, most of food comprises nutrients carrying energy, so-called. macronutrients. Minerals and vitamins comprise micronutrients since they are needed in significantly lower quantities and they are found in almost every food people use.

Macronutrients

Carbonhydrates

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Recommended intake

Carbonhydrates should provide 55-65% of needed energy per day. Needs for carbonhydrates depend on energy needs of an organism, so the persons performing manual labour have to provide more energy through food than those dealing with intellectual work.

 

Function in an organism

 

The best food resource

They are found in cereals, fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts, grains. They are present in milk and dairy products (non-fermented products contain lactose).

 

Fats

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Recommended intake

Fats should provide 30% of energy that is needed daily. Saturated fats percentage should be limited to most 10% in total daily energy.

 

Function in an organism

Fats are energy resource. They ensure many metabolic functions of an organism; they are building elements of cell membranes and they are needed for their proper functioning.

 

The best food resource

High content of saturated fatty acids is found in pork, delicatessen, ripened cheese, cream, yolk. Low content of fatty acids mentioned here is found in veal, yoghurt, unripened cheese. High content of monounsaturated fatty acids is found in eggs, duck meat, while there is low content of them in chicken and turkey meat. Low content of polyunsaturated fatty acids is found in fish and sea food. Fats and oils saturated: butter, vegetable fat, hard margarine monounsaturated: olive and peanut oil polyunsaturated: sunflower oil, corn oil, soft margarine All the products of Bambi are without non-trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids are non-saturated fatty acids which have one or more double (non-saturated) connections (links) in trans configuration (trans means that two adjacent (next) carbon atoms are linked with opposite sides of double connection). Hydrogenated oils contain huge quantity of so-called trans fats. Naturally they are found in milk, dairy and fats of ruminants. Trans-fat may originate even when natural fatty acid undergoes changes by oil processing at high temperatures. They also occur from partial hydrogenation (introduction of hydrogen into molecule), that is, vegetable fats becoming firm. Such fatty acids may be double linked, cross-linked, distorted or warped in various ways. They are mostly found in margarine, sweets, crisps, vegetable cheese and all fast food – and as such they are completely unnecessary. Trans fatty acids give firm structure to the products they are integrated in. Why did Bambi eliminated trans fats from its products? Bambi eliminated trans fats from its products because of the care for the health of consumers, respecting the recommendations of World Health Organization both in food and production of confectionary products. Medical tests show that there is a strong connection between heart disease and consumption of trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids, increase the level of ''bad'' LDL cholesterol and lower the level of ''good'' HDL cholesterol. Many clinical nutritionists think that proportion of total cholesterol in comparison to HDL cholesterol is more significant in estimation of cardiovascular risk. If we perceive effect that every group of fatty acids has on this proportion, first we can see that trans increases this proportion and therfore has unfavorable impact on risk of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Proteins

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They participate with 10-15% in total energy intake. Average daily needs are about 1g/kg of body weight and gender, age, and intensity of work have and impact on it.

Proteins

 

Function in an organism

Proteins are structural and functional components of all the cells in body. All enzymes, molecule for blood transportation, hair, and nails are proteins. Likewise, they comprise many of hormones, and are included in cell membrane composition. Proteins are also energy source.

 

The best food resource

Milk, meat, eggs, soy, peanuts, cereals Besides proteins of vegetable origin (soy and wheat flour), Plazma contains also proteins of animal origin originating from butter and milk. Soy flour – rich in proteins is an integral part of product Milky biscuit.

 

Fibers

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Recommended intake

Content of fibers in diet of healthy adults should be 20-30g. Certain food rich in diet fiber, like the whole crereal grain or some kinds of fruit contains in the shell phytate which make iron and zinc reabsorption difficult, therefore, it is not recommended for infants and children by the age of two to take food rich in fibers.

 

Function in an organism

Food rich in diet fibers regulates digestion (it stimulates intestinal peristalsis), improves glycemic control, lowers the cholesterol level in blood, and prolongs satiety feeling.

 

The best food resource

Integral cereals, fruit, vegetables. On all Bambi products the content of fiber is declared (specified). Product that is according to the content of fibers placed into the natural resource of fibers is Plazma Dobar start. Wellness integral biscuit is rich in diet fibers as well as Wellness cereal bars and Wellness obrok.

Micronutrients

Vitamins

Vitamin A

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Recommended intake

Optimal daily intake is expressed in the required amount of vitamin A, i.e. retinol equivalent (RE). 1,0 µg of retinol equivalent is equal to 1,0 µg of retinol, that is, 6,0 µg beta-carotene. According to recommendations of WHO, needs of adults are from 500 and 600 µg of retinol.

 

Function in an organism

It has an important role in retina function (for eyesight). It is needed for growth and development of bone tissue, regular reproduction, embryo development; it supports functioning of immune system and leesens the consequences of some infectious diseases.

 

The best food resource

Vitamin A is mostly found in milk and dairy products, yolk, some fatty fish, codliver oil. Carotene is present in green part of leafy vegetables (spinach, greens, and lettuce) while there is less of it in root vegetable except for the carrot. Plazma biscuits for children and Plazma ground with chocolate for children are enriched with vitamin A (100g of product contain 70,0 µg), and Plazma biscuit contains vitamin A whose origin is from added raw materials (100g of product contain 70,0 µg). Pro-vitamin A, may be found in dry apricot, which, in the shape of pieces, is added into products: Plazma good start and Wellness cereal bars with honey.

 

Thiamine

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Recommended intake

When thiamine is important for metabolism of energy, daily calories are presented according to the calorie intake. USA recommends 0, 5 mg/1000 kcal for adults. During pregnancy and lactation needs are slightly higher. In recent years growing need among elderly people is pointed out since vitamin B1 is less used.

 

Function in an organism

Vitamin B1 has a significant function inmetabolism of carbonhydrates as a coenzyme in numerous reactions related to the proper functioning of muscle and system. It is necessary for proper functioning of nervous system, muscle system and muscle.

 

The best food resource

Plazma Mlevena with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with vitamin B1 (100g of product contain 0,4mg), as well as Plazma which in 100g of product contains 0,90mg of this vitamin, Čoko plazma (100g of product contain 0,75mg), Plazmica fully coated (100g of product contain 0,5mg) and Plazma dobar start (100g of product contain 0,63mg). It is naturally found in cocoa powder which is an ingredient of the following Bambi products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana. Integral wheat flour contains vitamin B1, and it is an ingredient of Wellness product group. Oat flakes are good resource of vitamin B complex, it is an ingredient of our product Wellness, Wellness Obrok and Wellness cereals. Pine apple contains vitamin B1, and it is an ingredient of Plazma good start. Dry apricot contains complex of vitamin B, and it is an integral part of the following products: Plazma good start and Wellness cereals with apricot Yoghurt powder has a high content of vitamin B1, and it is an ingredient of: Mini Plazma with yogurt and strawberry, Wellness integral biscuit with yoghurt and cranberry and Wellness cereal bar with yoghurt and strawberry.

 

Riboflavin

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Recommended intake

It is recommended for adults to take in 0, 6 mg/1000 kcal daily. Needs are higher during pregnancy and lactation and among the persons having increased physical activities.

 

Function in an organism

Within the organism, It is included in many reactions of oxidation and reduction; it has a significant function in disintegration and metabolism of carbonhydrates, fats and proteins as well as in energy creation within the cells.

 

The best food resource

Main resources of this vitamin are milk and dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, green vegatable (spinach, cabbage, barecole) Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with vitamin B2 (100g of product contain 1mg). Plazma Mlevena with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with vitamin B2 (100g of product contain 1g). It is naturally found in cocoa powder which is an ingredient of the following Bambi products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana. Yoghurt powder has a high content of vitamin B2, and it is an ingredient of: Mini Plazma with yogurt and strawberry, Wellness integral biscuit with yoghurt and cranberry and Wellness cereal bar with yoghurt and strawberry. Oat flakes are good resource of vitamin B complex, it is an ingredient of our product Wellness, Wellness Obrok and Wellness cereals. Integral wheat flour contains vitamin B1, and it is an ingredient of Wellness product group.

 

Niacin

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Recommended intake

Needed quantity of this vitamin can be provided with intake of nicotinic acid or nicotinamide (natural derivative) and with intake of tryptophan (amino acid), where 60 mg of tryptophan is equivavlent to one milligram of niacin. 15-19 mg of niacin, that is, of niacin equivavlent is recommended to adults while the needs of children, pregnant and women breast feeding are slightly higher.

 

Function in an organism

It is important for series of oxidoreductive reactions in metabolism of carbonhydrates, fats, and tissue breathing.

 

The best food resource

Higher content of this vitamin is found in liver, meat, and milk and these are also excellent sources of tryptophan. Peanuts and walnuts are also good resources. Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with Niacin (100g of product contain 11,7mg), as well as Plazma biscuits which in 100g of product contain 18 mg of this vitamin, Čoko plazma (100g of product contain 17,5mg), Plazmica fully coated (100g of product contain 10,4mg) and Plazma good start (100g of product contain 11,7mg).

 

Panthotenic acid

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Recommended intake

Daily needs will be satisfied with intake of 3 to 7 mg. There are larger needs during growth, pregnancy and lactation.

Function in an organism


It is part of the composition of acetyl CoA and as such it is significant for numerous reactions in metabolism of lipids and carbonhydrates, first of all for synthesis of fatty acids, steroid hormones and glycolysis.

 

The best food resource

It is widely found in food especially that of animals, than in integral cereals and legumes. Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are rich in Panthotenic acid (100g of product contain 1,8mg). Integral wheat flour contains B vitamin complex, and it is an ingredient of Wellness product group.

 

Vitamin B6

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Recommended intake

Daily needs are 1, 5-2, 0 mg per day and they are directly linked with the level of proteins in diet.

 

Function in an organism

It has an important function in synthesis of neurotransmitters, and it is linked with the metabolism of proteins and amino acids. It is included in synthesis of heme.

 

The best food resource

This vitamin is found in chicken meat and pork, fish, liver, integral cereals, soy, peanuts, hazelnut. Plazma biscuit is enriched with vitamin B6 (100g of product contain 2mg), as well as Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Plazma biscuit for children (100g of product contain 0,6mg), Čoko Plazma (100g of product contain 2mg), Plazmica fully coated (100g of product contain 1,2mg) and Plazma good start (100g of product contain 1,3mg). Cocoa powder contains vitamin B6, and it is an ingredient of the following Bambi-Banat products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana. Integral wheat flour contains vitamin B complex, and it is an ingredient of Wellness product group and Još ribice integralne. Oat flakes are good resource of vitamin B complex, and they are integral part of Wellness integral biscuit, Wellness Obrok and Wellness cereals. Dry apples are rich in vitamin B6, they are one of the ingredients of product: Wellness cereals with honey and apples. Dry apricot contains complex of vitamin B, and it is an integral part of the following products: Plazma good start and Wellness cereals with apricot.

 

Biotin

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Recommended intake

Recommended intake for adults is 30-100 µg per day.

 

Function in an organism

 

The best food resource

Function in an organism Biotin is a co-factor for several carboxylases significant for synthesis of fatty acids, metabolism of some amino acids, gluconeogenesis. Food content Excellent resources of biotin are liver, yolk, cereals, yeast. It is found in meat and fruit. Synthesis in intestines is possible.

 

Cholin

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Recommended intake

It is considered to be a regular diet; during the day to take in sufficient quantities of cholin.

 

Function in an organism

As integral part of lecithin, it represents a structural component of cell membranes. Functinally, it is related to the metabolism of fats, especially to mobilization of fat from liver. It is a donor of methyl group for homocysteine in creation of methionine. Cholin and acetyl CoA are factors of acetylcholine synthesis.

 

The best food resource

Choline is found in yolk and in vegetable oil, that is, animal origin fat.

 

Folic Acid

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Recommended intake

Daily needs are 150-200 µg while during pregnancy and the first 6 months of lactation they are twice as high.

 

Function in an organism

Function of this vitamin is bound to vitamin B12 in synthesis of haemoglobin and synthesis of several amino acids and nucleoprotiens significant for maturing of erythrocytes (red blood cells).

 

The best food resource

Folates are found in green vegetable, nuts, and grains. Usability depends on the presence of inhibiting factors. Preparation and cooking in particular destroys folates from food, therefore, 50% of intaken folates are actually used. Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with folic acid (100g of product contain 60µg). Plazma biscuit contains folic acid whose origin is from raw materials added (100g of product contain 95,8 µg). Cocoa powder contains folic acid, and it is an ingredient of the following Bambi-Banat products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana.

 

Vitamin B12

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Recommended intake

Daily needs are 2 µg for adults, but they are slightly higher for fetal growth and lactation. As for the people that are vegetarians there can be a deficit of this vitamin and then supplementation is needed.

 

Function in an organism

Vitamin B12 or cobalamin is important in reaction of methionine synthase, together with folates, since there is a lack of them, megaloblastic anemia will develop. It is significant for the process of proprionate and fatty acids degradation especially within the nervous tissue.

 

The best food resource

Vitamin B12 is synthesized under the influence of bacteria, fungi, algae and bound to proteins it is found in food. Synthesis can occur in the intestine of the man, but it is very weak. More significant resource is liver and less significant ones are milk and cheese.

 

Vitamin C

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Recommended intake

In order to provide balance and content of vitamin C in body, it is necessary to take in 60 mg daily. Smokers' needs and the needs of pregnant women and women breast feeding are slightly higher.

 

Function vitamin C

Vitamin C in higher doses can prevent many virus infections (first of all cold). It has a strong antioxidant effect.

 

The best food resource

The best resources of vitamin C are fruit, especially citrus, and vegetable (pepper, cabbage) Vitamin C is declared in Bambi products such as Plazma (100g of product contain 12,20mg), Čoko Plazma (100g of product contain 10,2 mg), Plazma biscuits for children and Plazma ground with chocolate for children (100g of product contain 30mg), Yo D'Oro orange (100g of product contain 24mg, which is 7,2mg per piece or 12% of recommended daily intake).

 

Vitamin D

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Recommended intake

Daily needs for vitamin D are 5-10 µg and food and/or sunbathing can provide it. Daily needs are slightly higher during pregnancy and breast feeding.

 

Function vitamin D

Vitamin D is important for bones, for their good mineralization because it influences a calcium absroption. With vitamin A, vitamin D has significance in cell growth, preservation of hematopoiesis system and protection from certain forms of malignant diseases.

 

The best food resource

Although vitamin D is present in many kinds of food (yolk, salmon, tuna, herring, and to certain extent in milk), intake through food is less significant in comparison to the possibilities of creation within skin under the influence of sun rays. Plazma ground with chocloate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with vitamin D (100g of product contain 3µg).

 

Vitamin E

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Recommended intake

Recommended intake is defined in relation to the needs and is 10mg (alpha-tocopherol) daily. Taking into account protective effects of this vitamin, many recommend higher quantities. There is need for supplementation in smokers due to high content of free radicals.

 

Function vitamin

Vitamin E has a strong antioxidant effect. It also plays a role in many biological processes like preservation of cell membrane integrity, immune system stimulation, and DNA synthesis.

 

The best food resource

The best resources of this vitamin are fats and oils. Other resources are vegetable, nuts, grains, enriched cereals as well as enriched soft margarine. Plazma is a natural resource of vitamin E (100g of product contain 2,0mg) and Notte with hazelnut (100g of product contain 1,7mg). Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched in vitamin E (100g of product contain 3mg). Hazelnut is ingridient rich in vitamin E, and it is an ingredient of our following products: Juhu spread, Wellness integral biscuit with hazelnut, Yo D'oro wafers with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro roller with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro tea speacialites, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut and raisins, Bambi milk chocolate filled with hazelnut filling, Yo D'oro hazelnut with milk chocolate and ingredients. Oat flakes are good resource of vitamin E, and they are integral part of Wellness, Wellness Obrok and Wellness cereals.

 

Vitamin K

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Recommended intake

Needs for vitamin K will be satisfied if 1 µg of vitamin is provided on 1 kg of body weight. Small chidren have slighty larger needs.

 

Function vitamin K

It is necessary for synthesis of prothrombin and other blood coagulation factors as well as for functioning of proteins (osteokalcin) necessary for bone development.

 

The best food resource

The best resource of vitamin K is green leafy vegetable like cabbage and spinach, then fruit, milk and yoghurt.



Minerals

Calcium

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Recommended intake

Daily needs will be achieved with intake of 800-1200mg/per day. Higher intake is recommended for the children during their growth, pregnant women, women in menopause and elderly people.

 

What is good for

The role of this mineral is multiple. Calcium is a part of bone and teeth structure; it helps muscle contraction, blood coagulation, contraction and dilatation of blood vessels, enzyme activation, transfer of bioelectric impulses. It protects from rachitis, osteoporosis and hypertension.

 

The best food resource

The largest content of calcium is found in dairy products, like milk, yoghurt and cheese, especially hard cheese. Good resources of calcium are also broccoli, collard greens, cauliflower, soy, peanuts, sunflower seed, walnut, canned fished with the bones, water rich in calcium. Certain food is also enriched with calcium (bread, juices, cereals...). Spinach is rich in calcium, but it also contains oxcalic acid which binds calcium and reduces adoption. Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuit for children are enriched with calcium and they contain 280 mg in 100g of products. Natural resource of calcium: Juhu Spread, Juhu milk chocolate with filling, Bambi milk chocolates. Plazma biscuit contains 106,0mg of this mineral in 100g of product originating from added raw materials. Hazelnut is ingridient that conatin calcium, and it is an ingredient of our following products: Juhu spread, Wellness integral biscuit with hazelnut, Yo D'oro wafers with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro roller with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro tea speacialites, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut and raisins, Bambi milk chocolate filled with hazelnut filling, Yo D'oro hazelnut with milk chocolate and ingredients.

 

Cromium

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Recommended intake

Daily needs for older children and adults are 40-200 μg.

 

What is good for

Chromium is an ingredient of many enzymes and it is one of microelements necessary for life. It faciliates transfer of glucose from blood to cells. It reduces the need for insulin. It reduces the risk of having a heart attack since it lowers the level of cholesterol in blood.

 

The best food resource

Kinds of food that are the richest in chromium are yeast, corn, cooked beef, apple, pumpernickel, oat flakes.

 

Copper

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Recommended intake

Recommended daily needs for adults are 1, 5-3 μg.

 

What is good for

Copper is a microelement that is part of many enzymes. It is needed for creation of red blood cells; it has a positive impact on cell membrane of nerve cells, and it has an impact on sending nerve impulses. Lack of copper can cause anemia, because insufficient amount of copper causes bad absorption of iron and reduction in number of blood cells. Furthermore lack of copper causes disorders in heart function and slows down functions of nervous system (for example poor concentartion). Likewise it reduces the amount of white blood cells, and therefore, the resistance of organism to diseases.

 

The best food resource

The biggest copper food resource is seafood out of which the most significant is oyster. Good copper resources are also legumes, integral cereals, giblets and kiwi. Cocoa powder is a raw material also containing copper and it is an integral part of the following Bambi-Banat products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana.

 

Fluoride

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Recommended intake

It is necessary that adults take in 1,5mg/per day and children 3, 5 mg/per day.

 

Fluoride is necessary for bone and teeth construction . It is used together with calcium and vitamin D in osteporosis treatment. Too much fluorine can cause discolored teeth, and it may lead to changes in bone structure.

 

The best food resource

Fluorine is not found in many kinds of food, except for the canned fish, specifically salmon, therefore the best resource is water. Due to protection of dental flora, the fluorine is added into toothpastes.

 

Iodine

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Recommended intake

The needs will be satisfied if 100- 150 μg/per day is taken in.

 

What is good for

Iodine is part of hormone of thyroid gland, which controls energy metabolism in the body. It is significant both for physical and mental growth and development.

 

The best food resource

Iodised salt, seafood, algae are the best resources of iodine.

 

Iron

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Recommended intake

Needs depend on the age and it is hard to generalize them. The most suitable would be intake of 10-30mg per day.

 

What is good for

It is needed for disintegration of hemoglobin within blood and myoglobin within muscles, both of which carry oxygen from lungs to tissues and cells. Lack of oxygen causes anemia.

 

The best food resource

Animal iron resources are red meat, internal organs, fish, feathery poultry, and eggs. Herbal resources rich in iron are: beans, lentil, integral and enriched cereals, green leafy vegetables, dry fruit Iron from animal resource is better absorbed than the herbal one, but absorption from herbal resources can be improved by consuming food containing vitamin C simultaneously. Plazma ground with chocolate with children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with iron (100g of product contain 5mg). Plazma biscuit contains 3,3mg of iron in 100g of product, as well as Plazma Good start (100g of product contain 3,1mg) orginating from raw materials added. Dark chocolate is a resource of iron. Intergral wheat flour contains mineral iron and it is an ingredient of Wellness product group. Almond contains iron and it is an integral part of Milk chocolate with almond and honey, Dark chocolate with blackberry and amlnod and apricot and almond.

 

Magnesium

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Recommended intake

Recommended daily intake of magnesium is 280-375/per day.

 

What is good for

Magnesium is an important element for regular functioning of human organism, specifically for cardiovascular and nervous system. As a co-factor in more than 300 enzyme systems within human cells, Mg has significant position in normal micardium function. It is need during ossification (it is part of bones, it gives them firmness especially with young organisms, it has an impact on normal growth and development). Vitamin C and B1 need it to function. It prevents cell aging, and together with vitamin C, calcium and manganese, increases the number and mobility of spermatozoids.

 

The best food resource

Kinds of food that are the best resources of magnesium is: leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, seed, integral cereals, hard well water, spinach, banana, almond, chocolate. Cocoa powder is a ingridient containing also magnesium mineral, and it is an integral part of the following Bambi-Banat products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana. Integral wheat flour also contains magnesium and it is the basic (main) raw material of Wellness range and Još fishes integral. Almond contains iron and it is an integral part of Milk chocolate with almond and honey, Dark chocolate with blackberry and amlnod and apricot and almond.

 

Manganese

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Recommended intake

Daily intake of 2 mg of manganese will satisfy daily needs.

 

What is good for

The most important role of manganese is its role of antioxidant. It is an integral part of enzyme, specifically enzyumes responsible for formation of cartilage and bones, as well as collagen; therefore it is significant for injury healing process.

 

The best food resource

Walnut, almond, spinach, integral cereals, eggs, pine apple, and tea are good resources of manganese.

 

Molybdenum

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Recommended intake

Recommended daily intake of molybdene is 50mg.

 

What is good for

As well as many other minerals, it is important for protection of cells from damages, i.e. it acts as antioxidant. It is also part of many enzymes.

 

The best food resource

Beans, dark green leafy vegetables, peas, rice, cereals and yeast are good resources of this mineiral.

 

Phosphorus

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Recommended intake

Recommended intake is 700mg, except for the pregnant women and women breast feeding where the needs for phosphorus are higher and are 1200mg.

 

What is good for

Roles of phosphorus are numerous, and the main is that linked with calcium, it represents a constructive element of bones and teeth. It is part of many enzymes

 

The best food resource

The richest resources are certainly kinds of food rich in albumin (proteins), especially those of animal origin. Cereals, beans, nut products and grains are also good resources of phosphorus. Plazma biscuit contains phosphorus, (100g of product contain 140mg) as well as Plazma Good start (100g of product contain 117,9mg), originating from raw materials added. Cocoa powder contains phosphorus, and as one of the ingredients, it is found in products: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral biscuit with orange coated in dark chocolate, Yo D'oro Balans wafers, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Zlatni pek with cocoa coating, Yo D'oro wafers coated in cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Notte hazelnut with milk chocolate and pieces, Notte orange with milk chocolate and cocoa crispy, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Kolo filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu filled milk chocolates and bars, candy box Čari intensive and gentle, Krem banana, Scarlet. Phosphorus is found in hazelnut and hazelnut is one of the ingredients within the following products: Juhu spread, Wellness integral biscuit with hazelnut, Yo D'oro wafers with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro roller with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro tea speacialites, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut and raisins, Bambi milk chocolate filled with hazelnut filling, Yo D'oro hazelnut with milk chocolate and ingredients.

 

Selenium

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Recommended intake

Daily needs for selenium is 55 μg/dan

 

What is good for

The role of selenium as a micronutrient is multiple. It acts like antioxidant and that way it protects cell from free radicals. It is important for functioning of tyroid gland and immune system.

 

The best food resource

Rich natural resources of selenium are meat, fish , barzilian nut, cereals, garlic, mushrooms It is found in herbal food, but it varies depending on area and soil type.

 

Zinc

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Recommended intake

Recommended daily intake of zinc for adults is 10-15 mg/per day. The needs for zinc increase and are 19mg/per day in pregnant women and women breast feeding.

 

What is good for

Zinc is necessary for normal functioning of organism, since its roles are numerous. It is necessary for growth and development, for functioning of nervous system, for activities of numerous enzyms, for injury healing; it impacts creation of spermatozoids and testosterone; it prevents prostate gland from enlarging. It reduces the resistence to insulin. Lack of zinc causes: anemia, slowdown of growth rythm, slow injury healing, skin inflammation... Lack of zinc in children causes lower growth and slower mental development.

 

The best food resource

Nautral zinc resources are: red meat (pork, beef), integral cereals, wheat germs, spinach, green beans, peas, eggs, milk, oyster, wine, pumpkin seed, yeast. Plazma ground with chocolate for children and Plazma biscuits for children are enriched with zinc (100g of product contain 4,0mg). Zinc is found in hazelnut and hazelnut is one of the ingredients of the following products: Juhu spread, Wellness integral biscuit with hazelnut, Yo D'oro wafers with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro roller with hazelnut cream, Yo D'oro tea speacialites, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut, Bambi milk chocolate with hazelnut and raisins, Bambi milk chocolate filled with hazelnut filling, Yo D'oro hazelnut with milk chocolate and ingredients.

 

Potassium

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Recommended intake

The most optimal intake of potassium is from 1100 to 2000mg/per day.

 

What is good for

Potassium serves to preservation of acid-base balance and and electric potential of cell membrane, i.e. it influences neuromuscular irritation. It favourably influences the state of blood vessels and blood pressure. Increased intake of sodium which is characteristic of western nutrition i.e. increased intake of kitchen salt creates increased needs for intake of potassium. Diarrhea, vomiting, intensified sweating, irregular diet, absrpotion disorders and usage of certain kinds of diuretics can cause lack of potassium.

 

The best food resource

It is found in every food of herbal and animal origin. Good potassium resources are bananas, orange juice, avocado, tomato, potato, and salmon, chicken. Cocoa powder contains potassium and it is one of the ingredients in: Čoko Plazma, Plazmica fully coated, Plazma ground with chocolate for children, Wellness integral biscuit with chocolate pieces, Wellness integral with orange coated in dark chocolate, Zlatni Pek with cocoa, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream, Yo D'oro wafers with chocolate cream, Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro orange with milk chocolate, Yo D'oro chocolate dreams, Yo D'Oro filled biscuit, dark and milk Bambi chocolates, Poslastina compound, Yo Yo, Juhu spread, chocolates and bars, and Krem banana. Integral wheat flour also contains magnesium and it is the basic (main) raw material of Wellness range and Još fishes integral. Almond contains iron and it is an integral part of Milk chocolate with almond and honey, Dark chocolate with blackberry and amlnod and apricot and almond. Raisins contains potassium and it is an integral part of Plazma Dobar start, Wellness integral biscuit with raisins and Milk chocolates with hazelnut and raisins.

 

Sodium

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Recommended intake

Daily needs for sodium-chloride, i.e. salt are about 50 mg but nowadays it is taken in several times more.

 

What is good for

Kitchen salt is the main resource of ion of sodium and chlorine. Sodium ions have a key role in many physiological processes from maintenance of constant blood pressure to keeping functions of nervous systems. This is why intake of kitchen salt is necessary for life. Excessive usage of salt causes many illnesses.

 

The best food resource

Chlorides as sodiumchlorides are found in salt that is added to food and it is found in food that is already processed. Products with low content of sodium are Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro snack with orange, Yo D'oro wafers, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream.

 

Chloride

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Recommended intake

Daily needs for sodium-chloride, i.e. salt are about 50 mg but nowadays it is taken in several times more.

 

What is good for

Kitchen salt is the main resource of ion of sodium and chlorine. Sodium ions have a key role in many physiological processes from maintenance of constant blood pressure to keeping functions of nervous systems. This is why intake of kitchen salt is necessary for life. Excessive usage of salt causes many illnesses.

 

The best food resource

Chlorides as sodiumchlorides are found in salt that is added to food and it is found in food that is already processed. Products with low content of sodium are Yo D'Oro snack with hazelnut, Yo D'Oro snack with orange, Yo D'oro wafers, Yo D'oro coated wafers with cocoa and vanilla cream.

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